Classical Definition of Ghazal

 

Ghazal! The phrase originates from Arabic, which implies, method or mannerism of chatting with or talking about girls. Thus truly it s an expression of affection! Nevertheless on this ever-altering world, the ghazal has to show right into a reflection of the life round us, and now there could also be hardly any sphere of human interaction which the ghazal hasn’t touched.

Shayari, bushy, poetry, poem, Urdu Shayari, Lovely Shayari, ghazal, Urdu, Pakistan, Hindi, Indian, India, Asian

Ghazal! The phrase originates from Arabic, which implies, method or mannerism of chatting with or talking about girls. Thus truly it s an expression of affection! Nevertheless on this ever-altering world, the ghazal has to show right into a reflection of the life round us, and now there could also be hardly any sphere of human interaction which the ghazal hasn’t touched.
To increased understand the finer nuances of Urdu ghazal, it is essential to understand the development round which a ghazal is woven!
Classical Definition of Ghazal
Briefly, acknowledged Ghazal is a set of Sher’s which observe the foundations of MaltaMaqtaBeeKaafiyaa and Radif. So to know what Ghazal is, it is important to know what these phrases suggest.
To know these phrases merely, we’ll take an occasion.
1. koi ummid bar nahin aati
koi surat nazar nahin aati.
2. aage aati thi haale dil par hasi
ab kisi baat par nahin aati
3. hum wahan hain, jahan se humko bhi
kucch hamaari khabar nahin aati
4. kaabaa kis muh se jaaoge Ghalib
sharm tumko magar nahin aati

What’s a Sher ?
It is a poem of two traces. This definition is deceptively simple. Please phrase that, every Sher is a poem in itself! A Sher would not need, one thing spherical it, to convey the message. All the 4 stanzas in our occasion are unbiased poems, Sher’s.

So Ghazal is basically a set of two-line-poems known as Sher. [ So the Rafi solo rang aur noor ki baaraat kise pesh karu is NOT a Ghazal, as every stanza is of 3 lines, and not 2. ]

What are completely different restrictions Many, and vital ones?
[ Any collection of Shers is not Ghazal. Some good examples are; the famous Mukesh song from Yehudi, yeh Mera deewaanaapan hai; and the title song ofdil apana aur Preet party. Each stanza in these songs can be considered as an independent Sher, but they are NOT Ghazal’s. To understand, why, we have to wait till Kaafiyaa, Radif. ]

in any way?
Beer is the meter of the Shes. It might be considered due to the scale of the Sher. Every of the traces inside the Sher *MUST* be equivalent Beer. And all the Sher’s in a single Ghazal *MUST* be of the equivalent Beer. There are 19 (!!) kinds of Beer. Nevertheless, in simple phrases, Beer is categorized into 3 classes. Transient, medium, prolonged.

Small :
ahale dairo-haram reh gaye
tere deewane kam reh gaye
[ Also Talat song, dil-e-nadan tuze hua kya hai ]

Medium :
umr jalwo me basar ho, ye zaruri to nahin
har shab-e-gam ki seher ho, ye zaruri to nahin
[ And by Gulzar, ruke ruke se kadam, ruk ke baar baar chale ]

Prolonged :
ai mere humnashin, chal kahin aur chal, is chaman me ab apanaa guzaaraa nahin
baat hoti gulon ki, to seh lete hum, ab to kaaton pe bhi haq hamaaraa nahin
[ The Filmfare winner,Manzile apani jagah hai !! Yes! It IS a Ghazal. And the Shayar is Prakash Mehra !! surprise, surprise !! ]

So Ghazal is a set of Sher’s of SAME Behe.

What’sRadio?
In a Ghazal, the second line of all the Sher’s MUST end with the SAME phrase/s. This repeating widespread phrase is the Radif of the Ghazal. In our occasion, the Radio is nahin aati. [ Sometimes, the Ghazal becomes known by its radio. eg. jar aahista chal sung by Pankaj Udhas. On RMIM we all know one Ghazal by the? Radio? as ? aahista aahista? don’t we ? or is it 2 or 3?

What iS Kaafiyaa?
Kaafiyaa is the rhyming pattern which all the words before Radio MUST have. In our example, the Kaafiyaa is the bar, Nazar, pa, Margaret. This is a requirement. Something which is followed even in the exceptions to all these rules.

So Ghazal is a collection of Sher’s of the same Branding on the same Radio and having the same Kaafiyaa. [ That’s the reason, why yeh Mera diwanapan hai etc. are NOT Ghazals. There is no common thing that can be called Kaafiya and Radif. ]

What’sMalta?
The first Sher inside the Ghazal *MUST* have a radio in its every traces. This Sher is called Malta of the Ghazal and the Ghazal is generally acknowledged after its Malta. There could be a number of Malta in a Ghazal. In such a case the second is called Malta-e-saiorHusn-e-malta. In our occasion, the first Sher is Malta

What’sMaqta?
A Shayar usually has an alias ie. phallus eg. Mirza Asadullakhan makes use of Ghalib as his takhallus and is assumed by that. Totally different examples are Daag DehlviMir Taqi Mir, Talked about Rahi AhmedFara and plenty of others. There is a Sher in a Ghazal, the ultimate one, which has the Shayari takhallus in it. [ A Shayar, can use the Maqta very intelligently. He can talk to himself like one in our example. I have lots of favourite Sher’s which areMaqta of some Ghazal. Some gems are

koi nam-o-nishan puchhe to ai kaasid bataa denaa,
takhallusDaag hai, aur aahiqon ke dil me rehte hai

and

jab bhi milte hain, to kehte hain, kaise ho Shakil,
iske aage to koi baat nahin hoti hai

Does the first one use the meaning of the takhallus to create the magic, and the second one is just simple, simply beautiful. ]

To summarize, Ghazal is a set of Sher’s (unbiased two-line poems), by which there’s a minimum of one Malta one Maqta and all the Sher’s are equivalent Beer and have the equivalent Kaafiyaa and Radio

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